Drug rehabilitation is essentially the process of psychotherapeutical or medical treatment for addiction to psychoactive substances like alcohol, prescription medicines, and illegal street drugs like cocaine, heroin or methamphetamines. The addict undergoes a process of change in his or her thinking, emotional outlook, behavior, communication, and values. Most of the people suffering from drug addiction do not want to be cured but they rather want to continue their addiction, get “fixed,” return to “normal” life, mend fences with family and friends, or seek some sort of normal employment. Many drug rehabilitation centers offer treatment programs to assist these drug-dependent individuals to detoxify and return to normal living. There are many different drug rehabilitation treatment programs available to drug-addicted people depending on the severity of the addict’s case.
There are also several support systems that can be offered by drug rehabilitation centers during the recovery period and after the patient has left the facility. The primary focus of treatment is to help addicts overcome their physical and psychological needs that made them fall into addiction in the first place. These include nutritional and exercise therapy, support groups for family and friends, short-term therapy programs (such as support group meetings, one-on-one counseling, group therapy, life coaching, individual counseling), 12-step programs, and follow-up counseling.
Treatment of drug rehabilitation patients may include both inpatient and outpatient care. The majority of treatment programs utilize inpatient care in which the patient resides at the drug rehabilitation facility and is required to receive counseling and help with the daily activities required to lead a normal life. Treatment programs that use outpatient care focus on providing the patient with the ability to manage the physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of his or her recovery and may allow him or her to live on a certain part of the facility or go to a different location to care for personal health issues. While inpatient care allows the patient to receive counseling and behavioral therapy on an ongoing basis, outpatient care allows the patient to return to a more normal lifestyle at a more convenient pace.